Incidence of allergies increases during spring season. Allergies prevalent in this season include allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic asthma, eczema and urticaria. Most typical allergic condition specific to spring is the seasonal allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever. Most common allergens in seasonal allergic rhinitis are air pollens.
Allergy is a reaction the body produces against specific substances, but the body will react with the degree of self-harm. The nose is one of the most affected organs from such an allergic reaction. There is a genetic predisposition to allergies and can begin at any age.2-3 minutes after the allergen enters the body substance called histamine will be released and it reaches the maximum level in 15 minutes. Allergies can be seen only in certain seasons as will always be.
Certain substances to which normal people do not react are called allergens, and the reaction that an allergic person gives when allergens are contacted is called allergy. While a person who is not allergic can go to picnic to the meadows among trees in the spring, one with history of allergy and pollen hypersensitivity suffers from a crisis associated with severe sneezing, nasal and eye discharge, itching, and cough in such an environment.
Our friendship and “work” relations with animals root back to thousands of years. The first tamed animal is dog. Domestication goes back to 12 thousand years B.C. for dog, 6-7 thousand years B.C. for cow and sheep, 3,5 thousand years B.C. for cat and 3 thousand years B.C. for horse.
Infantile eczema (Atopic dermatitis) is the first allergic diseases of the subject who is hereditarily predisposed to the allergy. It may occur 1-of every 10 children and incidence is gradually increasing, similar to all other allergic diseases.
Anesthesia is also used in children similar to the adult anesthesia. Surgical interventions cannot be performed without anesthesia. Anesthesia applications are carried out through three different methods: General, regional and local anesthesia.